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  • 福建防汛打桩机规格

    作者:中联德美 发布日期:2019-05-13 18:13:16 来源:www.squeakywheelbook.com

    1.打桩机(ji)所(suo)配置(zhi)(zhi)的(de)(de)动力装置(zhi)(zhi)、卷(juan)扬(yang)机(ji)、液压装置(zhi)(zhi)和(he)电气装置(zhi)(zhi)等均应(ying)(ying)按其使用说明(ming)书操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)。2.操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)人员应(ying)(ying)经过专门培训,熟悉所(suo)操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)打桩机(ji)的(de)(de)性能、构造(zao)、使用和(he)维护保养方法,持(chi)有操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)证后方可操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)。3.作(zuo)(zuo)业(ye)前,应(ying)(ying)对(dui)工作(zuo)(zuo)现场的(de)(de)周围环境、建筑物(wu)和(he)地(di)质条(tiao)件等情况(kuang)进行了解。4.打桩机(ji)的(de)(de)组装、试车、拆卸均应(ying)(ying)按使用说明(ming)书中规(gui)定(ding)的(de)(de)程(cheng)序。5、遇六级以上(shang)大(da)风或(huo)大(da)雨、大(da)雪和(he)大(da)雾等恶劣天气时,应(ying)(ying)停止作(zuo)(zuo)业(ye)。当风力大(da)于七级时,应(ying)(ying)将打桩机(ji)迎风向停置(zhi)(zhi),放(fang)下柴油锤,并增设防(fang)风缆绳,必要时应(ying)(ying)将桩架(jia)放(fang)倒。

    福建防汛打桩机规格

    如(ru)果(guo)(guo)桩(zhuang)数不(bu)多时(shi),液(ye)压履带打(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)机应(ying)从(cong)中(zhong)心开端(duan)分头向两头相反的方向进(jin)行(xing)(xing),但(dan)(dan)当(dang)桩(zhuang)基(ji)(ji)面(mian)积较大时(shi),应(ying)将桩(zhuang)基(ji)(ji)分为数段(duan),然后(hou)(hou)再各段(duan)范围内(nei)分别进(jin)行(xing)(xing);液(ye)压打(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)机应(ying)防(fang)止自外向内(nei),或从(cong)周边(bian)向中(zhong)心进(jin)行(xing)(xing),防(fang)止桩(zhuang)基(ji)(ji)中(zhong)部(bu)的地(di)基(ji)(ji)土被挤密,加大打(da)(da)(da)入(ru)(ru)的难度(du),即使(shi)牵强打(da)(da)(da)入(ru)(ru)也会使(shi)已(yi)打(da)(da)(da)入(ru)(ru)的邻桩(zhuang)向上(shang)冒起(qi);在亚粘土及粘土区域,更应(ying)防(fang)止按(an)着一(yi)个(ge)(ge)方向进(jin)行(xing)(xing),致使(shi)土向一(yi)边(bian)揉(rou)捏,形成桩(zhuang)入(ru)(ru)土深度(du)纷歧(qi),地(di)基(ji)(ji)土密度(du)不(bu)均,使(shi)整个(ge)(ge)桩(zhuang)基(ji)(ji)日(ri)后(hou)(hou)发生不(bu)均匀下沉;如(ru)果(guo)(guo)遇到(dao)桩(zhuang)距大于或等于4倍桩(zhuang)直径或边(bian)长的情况(kuang),打(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)顺序(xu)的影响要小一(yi)些,但(dan)(dan)如(ru)果(guo)(guo)是面(mian)积群(qun)桩(zhuang),就(jiu)要事前规划打(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)顺序(xu),防(fang)止出现不(bu)良(liang)后(hou)(hou)果(guo)(guo)或安全事故。

    福建防汛打桩机规格

    首先,一定要做好(hao)地(di)基(ji)打(da)桩(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)日(ri)常(chang)(chang)保养(yang)工(gong)作(zuo),在地(di)基(ji)打(da)桩(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)开机(ji)(ji)工(gong)作(zuo)后(hou)(hou),两三个小(xiao)时(shi)能(neng)(neng)停机(ji)(ji)休息一下,每(mei)天工(gong)作(zuo)完(wan)毕后(hou)(hou)要加加润滑油,清理下机(ji)(ji)身等,这样才能(neng)(neng)降低(di)发生故障(zhang)的(de)(de)几率;其次,如(ru)(ru)果地(di)基(ji)打(da)桩(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)真的(de)(de)罢工(gong)了,咱也不(bu)要慌,先停机(ji)(ji)检查,将故障(zhang)的(de)(de)范围缩小(xiao),如(ru)(ru)果是小(xiao)毛病,操作(zuo)人员完(wan)全能(neng)(neng)自行(xing)处理了,如(ru)(ru)果发现(xian)解决不(bu)了就要给售(shou)后(hou)(hou)打(da)电话了,让专业的(de)(de)维修人员进行(xing)检查维修,这就体现(xian)了打(da)桩(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)售(shou)后(hou)(hou)是非常(chang)(chang)重要的(de)(de),所以(yi)要选择(ze)正规的(de)(de)生产厂家生产的(de)(de)打(da)桩(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)。

    福建防汛打桩机规格

    公(gong)路(lu)打(da)(da)桩机的(de)故障(zhang)(zhang)原因分析:公(gong)路(lu)打(da)(da)桩操(cao)作人员必须学会一些(xie)基本的(de)操(cao)作原理和(he)熟悉一些(xie)故障(zhang)(zhang)原因,这样才能更的(de)工作,一起看(kan)看(kan)公(gong)路(lu)打(da)(da)桩机的(de)液(ye)压(ya)(ya)马(ma)(ma)达(da)(da)噪声(sheng)大(da)和(he)振(zhen)动(dong)(dong)(dong)故障(zhang)(zhang)原因查(cha)找方法。如果液(ye)压(ya)(ya)马(ma)(ma)达(da)(da)遇到(dao)噪声(sheng)大(da)、振(zhen)动(dong)(dong)(dong)故障(zhang)(zhang)时我们应(ying)该要从哪些(xie)方面进(jin)行(xing)排(pai)查(cha),找出问题所(suo)在,应(ying)从如下几个方面进(jin)行(xing)排(pai)查(cha):1、查(cha)液(ye)压(ya)(ya)马(ma)(ma)达(da)(da)输出轴上的(de)联(lian)(lian)轴器是(shi)否(fou)安(an)装(zhuang)不同心(xin)、松动(dong)(dong)(dong)等。联(lian)(lian)轴器松动(dong)(dong)(dong)或对(dui)中不正确(que)将导致(zhi)噪声(sheng)或振(zhen)动(dong)(dong)(dong)异常。可(ke)校正各连(lian)(lian)接(jie)件(jian)的(de)同心(xin)度,维修(xiu)或更换联(lian)(lian)轴器,并确(que)认联(lian)(lian)轴器选择(ze)是(shi)否(fou)正确(que)。 2、查(cha)油箱(xiang)中油位,油箱(xiang)中液(ye)油不足将导致(zhi)吸空并产生系(xi)统(tong)(tong)噪声(sheng),加液(ye)压(ya)(ya)油至(zhi)合适位置并确(que)保(bao)马(ma)(ma)达(da)(da)油路(lu)通畅。3、查(cha)油箱(xiang)各连(lian)(lian)接(jie)件(jian)是(shi)否(fou)松动(dong)(dong)(dong)(特别是(shi)马(ma)(ma)达(da)(da)供油路(lu))空气(qi)残(can)留于系(xi)统(tong)(tong)管路(lu)或马(ma)(ma)达(da)(da)内,由(you)此产生系(xi)统(tong)(tong)噪声(sheng)和(he)振(zhen)动(dong)(dong)(dong),可(ke)排(pai)除空气(qi)并拧紧管接(jie)头。4、查(cha)柱(zhu)塞(sai)与缸体(ti)孔(kong)是(shi)否(fou)因严重磨(mo)损(sun)(sun)而(er)间隙增大(da),带(dai)来噪声(sheng)和(he)振(zhen)动(dong)(dong)(dong),可(ke)刷镀重配间隙。5、查(cha)柱(zhu)塞(sai)头部与滑靴球面配合副(fu)是(shi)否(fou)磨(mo)损(sun)(sun)严重,磨(mo)损(sun)(sun)严重会带(dai)来噪声(sheng)和(he)振(zhen)动(dong)(dong)(dong),可(ke)更换柱(zhu)塞(sai)与滑靴组件(jian)。

    打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机是利用(yong)(yong)冲(chong)(chong)击(ji)力(li)将(jiang)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)贯(guan)入地(di)(di)层的(de)(de)(de)(de)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)工(gong)机械(xie)(Piling Machine[1] )。由桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)、桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)及附属设备等(deng)组(zu)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(见彩图)。桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)依附在桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)前(qian)部(bu)两(liang)根(gen)平行的(de)(de)(de)(de)竖直导(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)杆(gan)(俗称(cheng)龙门)之间,桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)周土(tu)体发生急(ji)速(su)而(er)激(ji)烈(lie)的(de)(de)(de)(de)挤压(ya),土(tu)中(zhong)孔隙水压(ya)力(li)急(ji)剧上升(sheng)(sheng),土(tu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)抗剪强度(du)大大降(jiang)低,采用(yong)(yong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)混凝土(tu)强度(du)等(deng)级(ji)可降(jiang)低1~2级(ji)。这(zhei)种方(fang)法节约钢(gang)筋(jin)和(he)混凝土(tu),降(jiang)低工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)造价(jia)、汽锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)、柴油(you)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)、液压(ya)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)等(deng)。桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)按(an)运(yun)动(dong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)动(dong)力(li)来源(yuan)可分(fen)为落锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)。塔架(jia)和(he)导(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)向(xiang)架(jia)可以一起偏斜(xie),用(yong)(yong)以打(da)斜(xie)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)。导(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)向(xiang)架(jia)还能(neng)(neng)沿塔架(jia)向(xiang)下引伸,配筋(jin)比锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)击(ji)法可节省(sheng)钢(gang)筋(jin)40%左右,而(er)且施工(gong)时无(wu)噪音,用(yong)(yong)提升(sheng)(sheng)吊钩吊升(sheng)(sheng),用(yong)(yong)以控(kong)(kong)制(zhi)打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)方(fang)向(xiang),使(shi)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)按(an)照设计(ji)方(fang)位准确(que)地(di)(di)贯(guan)入地(di)(di)层。打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机的(de)(de)(de)(de)基(ji)本技术(shu)参(can)数(shu)是冲(chong)(chong)击(ji)部(bu)分(fen)重量、冲(chong)(chong)击(ji)动(dong)能(neng)(neng)和(he)冲(chong)(chong)击(ji)频率。桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)按(an)运(yun)动(dong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)动(dong)力(li)来源(yuan)可分(fen)为落锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)、汽锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)。桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)前(qian)面有两(liang)根(gen)导(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)杆(gan)组(zu)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)导(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)向(xiang)架(jia),以及工(gong)厂的(de)(de)(de)(de)扩建工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng),使(shi)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)按(an)照设计(ji)方(fang)位准确(que)地(di)(di)贯(guan)入地(di)(di)层、无(wu)振动(dong)、冲(chong)(chong)击(ji)动(dong)能(neng)(neng)和(he)冲(chong)(chong)击(ji)频率,无(wu)污染、城市中(zhong)心或建筑物密集处的(de)(de)(de)(de)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)基(ji)础工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng),用(yong)(yong)以起吊桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)和(he)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui),桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)前(qian)面有两(liang)根(gen)导(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)杆(gan)组(zu)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)导(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)向(xiang)架(jia),用(yong)(yong)以控(kong)(kong)制(zhi)打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)方(fang)向(xiang),对周围环境的(de)(de)(de)(de)干扰(rao)小。

    长(zhang)(zhang)时间使用电(dian)(dian)热(re)塞(sai),火焰预热(re)器。护栏打桩机(ji)是一种公(gong)路(lu)护栏钢(gang)管桩打压设备,该(gai)机(ji)采用柴油动力,全液压机(ji)械(xie)传动,具有行驶轻便、打桩精(jing)度(du)高、经久耐用、节能环保等特(te)点,特(te)别适用于公(gong)路(lu)护栏安(an)装、维修和抢修的(de)野(ye)外工(gong)程施工(gong)。电(dian)(dian)热(re)塞(sai)和火焰预热(re)器的(de)发(fa)热(re)体(ti)都(dou)为(wei)电(dian)(dian)热(re)丝(si)(si)(类别:铁铬铝合金丝(si)(si)、镍铬合金丝(si)(si)),其耗电(dian)(dian)量和发(fa)热(re)量都(dou)很(hen)大,长(zhang)(zhang)时间使用可(ke)(ke)因(yin)急剧(ju)放(fang)电(dian)(dian)而损坏(huai)蓄电(dian)(dian)池,同时也可(ke)(ke)烧坏(huai)电(dian)(dian)热(re)丝(si)(si),所以电(dian)(dian)热(re)塞(sai)不(bu)能每次长(zhang)(zhang)时间使用。

    打桩(zhuang)过程分(fen)为三个阶段(duan):1、重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤(chui)自(zi)由(you)下 落。先用卷扬(yang)设备(bei)将重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤(chui)提起,使其(qi)具有(you)足够(gou) 的(de)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)力(li)势(shi)能(neng),重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤(chui)释(shi)放后作自(zi)由(you)落体运动,其(qi)全(quan) 部重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)力(li)势(shi)能(neng)转变为动能(neng)。2、重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤(chui)与(yu)(yu)桩(zhuang)的(de)完全(quan)非弹性碰(peng)(peng)撞(zhuang)(zhuang)。由(you)于重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤(chui)与(yu)(yu)桩(zhuang) 之间相(xiang)互(hu)作用的(de)冲力(li)极大(da),桩(zhuang)所受到地面的(de)阻(zu) 力(li)可(ke)忽略(lve),碰(peng)(peng)撞(zhuang)(zhuang)时重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤(chui)与(yu)(yu)桩(zhuang)的(de)总动量(liang)(liang)保(bao)持(chi)守恒。根据动量(liang)(liang)守恒定律(lv),有(you)mv=(m+M)V,其(qi)中 m与(yu)(yu)v为重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤(chui)的(de)质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)和其(qi)碰(peng)(peng)撞(zhuang)(zhuang)前(qian)的(de)速度(du),M为桩(zhuang)的(de)质(zhi)量(liang)(liang),V为重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤(chui)和桩(zhuang)在碰(peng)(peng)撞(zhuang)(zhuang)后的(de)共同速度(du)。3、重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤(chui)与(yu)(yu)桩(zhuang)共同运动。它们共同的(de)质(zhi)量(liang)(liang)为 m+M,初(chu)速度(du)为V,所遇到的(de)土壤(rang)阻(zu)力(li)比其(qi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong) 力(li)大(da)很多,重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)力(li)可(ke)忽略(lve)。利用碰(peng)(peng)撞(zhuang)(zhuang)后重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤(chui)与(yu)(yu)桩(zhuang) 的(de)剩余动能(neng),使它们克服土壤(rang)的(de)阻(zu)力(li)作功而(er)进入土层。

    如何(he)让(rang)小(xiao)型(xing)(xing)打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)更省油(you)(you):省到就是赚到,在(zai)不(bu)影响施工(gong)效(xiao)(xiao)率的(de)前提(ti)下让(rang)小(xiao)型(xing)(xing)打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)更省油(you)(you),不(bu)但节省成本,正确的(de)操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)也能(neng)(neng)让(rang)打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)发挥更大(da)(da)的(de)作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong),下面给(ji)大(da)(da)家介(jie)绍下几(ji)个省油(you)(you)的(de)小(xiao)技(ji)巧(qiao)。1、在(zai)小(xiao)型(xing)(xing)打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)使用(yong)(yong)过(guo)程中,加压幅度(du)要(yao)(yao)均匀,不(bu)要(yao)(yao)过(guo)猛(meng)加压,不(bu)仅能(neng)(neng)降低(di)油(you)(you)耗,还(hai)能(neng)(neng)对相关部件进行保护,也提(ti)高了(le)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)效(xiao)(xiao)率。2、根据施工(gong)条件的(de)不(bu)同,选择合(he)适(shi)的(de)钻(zuan)(zuan)头,在(zai)打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)上提(ti)和下放过(guo)程中能(neng)(neng)有(you)效(xiao)(xiao)降低(di)油(you)(you)耗。3、在(zai)小(xiao)型(xing)(xing)打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)钻(zuan)(zuan)头提(ti)升前,适(shi)当将钻(zuan)(zuan)头反(fan)转,能(neng)(neng)减小(xiao)阻力,也变相起到降低(di)有(you)效(xiao)(xiao)的(de)作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong)。4、后一点是用(yong)(yong)好油(you)(you),不(bu)但使打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)性能(neng)(neng)得到好的(de)发挥还(hai)能(neng)(neng)降低(di)油(you)(you)耗,液(ye)压油(you)(you)粘度(du)要(yao)(yao)适(shi)中,油(you)(you)液(ye)粘温指(zhi)数不(bu)低(di)于(yu)90,好的(de)液(ye)压油(you)(you)要(yao)(yao)有(you)良好的(de)抗氧化和水(shui)解安定性。用(yong)(yong)过(guo)以上四点,主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)大(da)(da)家认真(zhen)领悟(wu)结合(he)实(shi)际操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo),相信(xin)至(zhi)少能(neng)(neng)省油(you)(you)20%左右,省下来的(de)油(you)(you)就是钱,就是成本,也能(neng)(neng)延长小(xiao)型(xing)(xing)打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)的(de)使用(yong)(yong)时间,何(he)乐而不(bu)为呢。

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    福建防汛打桩机规格

    作者:中联德美 日期:2019-05-13 18:13:16

    1.打桩(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)所配置(zhi)(zhi)的动力(li)装置(zhi)(zhi)、卷扬机(ji)(ji)、液压装置(zhi)(zhi)和(he)(he)电(dian)气装置(zhi)(zhi)等(deng)均应(ying)(ying)按(an)其(qi)使用说明书操作(zuo)。2.操作(zuo)人员(yuan)应(ying)(ying)经过(guo)专门(men)培训(xun),熟悉(xi)所操作(zuo)打桩(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)的性能、构(gou)造、使用和(he)(he)维(wei)护保(bao)养(yang)方法,持有(you)操作(zuo)证后方可操作(zuo)。3.作(zuo)业前,应(ying)(ying)对(dui)工作(zuo)现场的周围环境、建筑(zhu)物和(he)(he)地(di)质条(tiao)件等(deng)情况进行了解。4.打桩(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)的组装、试(shi)车(che)、拆卸均应(ying)(ying)按(an)使用说明书中规定的程序。5、遇六级以(yi)上大(da)风(feng)或(huo)大(da)雨、大(da)雪和(he)(he)大(da)雾等(deng)恶劣天(tian)气时,应(ying)(ying)停止(zhi)作(zuo)业。当风(feng)力(li)大(da)于七级时,应(ying)(ying)将(jiang)打桩(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)迎(ying)风(feng)向停置(zhi)(zhi),放(fang)下(xia)柴油锤,并增(zeng)设防风(feng)缆绳,必要时应(ying)(ying)将(jiang)桩(zhuang)架放(fang)倒。

    福建防汛打桩机规格

    如果(guo)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)数不(bu)(bu)多时,液(ye)压(ya)(ya)履带打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)应从(cong)(cong)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)开(kai)端分头(tou)向(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)两头(tou)相反的方(fang)向(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)进(jin)行(xing)(xing),但(dan)当桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)基面(mian)积(ji)较大时,应将桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)基分为数段,然后再各段范围内(nei)分别进(jin)行(xing)(xing);液(ye)压(ya)(ya)打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)应防(fang)止(zhi)自外向(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)内(nei),或从(cong)(cong)周边向(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)进(jin)行(xing)(xing),防(fang)止(zhi)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)基中(zhong)(zhong)部的地(di)基土被挤(ji)密(mi),加(jia)大打(da)(da)入的难(nan)度,即使牵(qian)强打(da)(da)入也会使已打(da)(da)入的邻(lin)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)向(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)上冒(mao)起(qi);在(zai)亚粘土及粘土区域,更应防(fang)止(zhi)按着一(yi)个方(fang)向(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)进(jin)行(xing)(xing),致(zhi)使土向(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)一(yi)边揉捏,形成桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)入土深度纷(fen)歧(qi),地(di)基土密(mi)度不(bu)(bu)均(jun),使整(zheng)个桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)基日后发(fa)生(sheng)不(bu)(bu)均(jun)匀(yun)下(xia)沉(chen);如果(guo)遇(yu)到桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)距大于或等于4倍桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)直径或边长的情况,打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)顺序的影响要(yao)小一(yi)些,但(dan)如果(guo)是面(mian)积(ji)群桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang),就要(yao)事(shi)前规划打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)顺序,防(fang)止(zhi)出现(xian)不(bu)(bu)良(liang)后果(guo)或安全事(shi)故。

    福建防汛打桩机规格

    首先,一(yi)定要做(zuo)好地基(ji)打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)机(ji)的(de)(de)日常保养工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo),在地基(ji)打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)机(ji)开机(ji)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)后(hou),两三个小时(shi)能停机(ji)休息一(yi)下(xia),每天(tian)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)完毕后(hou)要加加润(run)滑油,清理下(xia)机(ji)身等,这(zhei)样(yang)才能降低(di)发(fa)生故(gu)(gu)障(zhang)的(de)(de)几率(lv);其次,如(ru)果(guo)地基(ji)打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)机(ji)真的(de)(de)罢(ba)工(gong)了,咱也不要慌,先停机(ji)检查,将故(gu)(gu)障(zhang)的(de)(de)范围(wei)缩小,如(ru)果(guo)是(shi)(shi)小毛病,操作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)人(ren)员(yuan)完全能自行处理了,如(ru)果(guo)发(fa)现(xian)解决不了就要给售后(hou)打(da)(da)电话了,让专(zhuan)业的(de)(de)维(wei)(wei)修人(ren)员(yuan)进行检查维(wei)(wei)修,这(zhei)就体现(xian)了打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)机(ji)的(de)(de)售后(hou)是(shi)(shi)非常重要的(de)(de),所以要选择正(zheng)规的(de)(de)生产厂家生产的(de)(de)打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)机(ji)。

    福建防汛打桩机规格

    公(gong)路(lu)(lu)打(da)桩(zhuang)机(ji)的(de)故(gu)(gu)障(zhang)原因分析:公(gong)路(lu)(lu)打(da)桩(zhuang)操(cao)作(zuo)人员(yuan)必须学会一些基本(ben)的(de)操(cao)作(zuo)原理和熟悉一些故(gu)(gu)障(zhang)原因,这样才能更的(de)工作(zuo),一起看(kan)看(kan)公(gong)路(lu)(lu)打(da)桩(zhuang)机(ji)的(de)液(ye)压(ya)(ya)马(ma)达噪声大和振(zhen)动(dong)故(gu)(gu)障(zhang)原因查找(zhao)方法(fa)。如果液(ye)压(ya)(ya)马(ma)达遇到(dao)噪声大、振(zhen)动(dong)故(gu)(gu)障(zhang)时我(wo)们应(ying)该要从(cong)哪些方面进行(xing)排查,找(zhao)出问(wen)题所在,应(ying)从(cong)如下几(ji)个(ge)方面进行(xing)排查:1、查液(ye)压(ya)(ya)马(ma)达输(shu)出轴(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)上的(de)联(lian)轴(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)器(qi)是(shi)(shi)(shi)否(fou)(fou)(fou)安装不同心、松动(dong)等。联(lian)轴(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)器(qi)松动(dong)或(huo)对(dui)中不正(zheng)确(que)将(jiang)导致噪声或(huo)振(zhen)动(dong)异常(chang)。可校(xiao)正(zheng)各连接件(jian)(jian)的(de)同心度(du),维修或(huo)更换(huan)联(lian)轴(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)器(qi),并确(que)认联(lian)轴(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)器(qi)选择是(shi)(shi)(shi)否(fou)(fou)(fou)正(zheng)确(que)。 2、查油(you)(you)箱中油(you)(you)位,油(you)(you)箱中液(ye)油(you)(you)不足将(jiang)导致吸空(kong)并产生系(xi)统噪声,加液(ye)压(ya)(ya)油(you)(you)至合(he)适位置并确(que)保马(ma)达油(you)(you)路(lu)(lu)通畅(chang)。3、查油(you)(you)箱各连接件(jian)(jian)是(shi)(shi)(shi)否(fou)(fou)(fou)松动(dong)(特别是(shi)(shi)(shi)马(ma)达供油(you)(you)路(lu)(lu))空(kong)气残留于(yu)系(xi)统管(guan)路(lu)(lu)或(huo)马(ma)达内,由(you)此产生系(xi)统噪声和振(zhen)动(dong),可排除空(kong)气并拧紧(jin)管(guan)接头(tou)。4、查柱塞与缸体(ti)孔(kong)是(shi)(shi)(shi)否(fou)(fou)(fou)因严(yan)重(zhong)(zhong)磨损而间隙(xi)增大,带(dai)来噪声和振(zhen)动(dong),可刷镀重(zhong)(zhong)配(pei)间隙(xi)。5、查柱塞头(tou)部与滑靴球面配(pei)合(he)副是(shi)(shi)(shi)否(fou)(fou)(fou)磨损严(yan)重(zhong)(zhong),磨损严(yan)重(zhong)(zhong)会带(dai)来噪声和振(zhen)动(dong),可更换(huan)柱塞与滑靴组件(jian)(jian)。

    打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)是利(li)用(yong)(yong)冲(chong)击(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)力将(jiang)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)贯入(ru)(ru)地(di)层(ceng)(ceng)(ceng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)工(gong)机(ji)械(Piling Machine[1] )。由桩(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)、桩(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)(jia)及附属设备等(deng)(deng)组成(见彩图)。桩(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)依附在桩(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)(jia)前部两(liang)根(gen)平行的(de)(de)(de)(de)竖直导(dao)杆(gan)(俗称龙门)之(zhi)间,桩(zhuang)(zhuang)周土体发(fa)生急速(su)而激(ji)烈的(de)(de)(de)(de)挤(ji)压,土中孔隙水压力急剧(ju)上升,土的(de)(de)(de)(de)抗(kang)剪(jian)强度(du)大(da)大(da)降低,采用(yong)(yong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)混凝(ning)土强度(du)等(deng)(deng)级(ji)可(ke)降低1~2级(ji)。这种方法节约(yue)钢筋和(he)混凝(ning)土,降低工(gong)程(cheng)造价、汽锤(chui)(chui)、柴油锤(chui)(chui)、液压锤(chui)(chui)等(deng)(deng)。桩(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)按(an)运动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)力来(lai)源可(ke)分(fen)为(wei)落锤(chui)(chui)。塔(ta)架(jia)(jia)和(he)导(dao)向(xiang)架(jia)(jia)可(ke)以(yi)一起偏斜(xie),用(yong)(yong)以(yi)打(da)(da)斜(xie)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)。导(dao)向(xiang)架(jia)(jia)还能(neng)(neng)沿塔(ta)架(jia)(jia)向(xiang)下引伸,配筋比锤(chui)(chui)击(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)法可(ke)节省(sheng)钢筋40%左右,而且施工(gong)时无(wu)噪音(yin),用(yong)(yong)提升吊钩(gou)吊升,用(yong)(yong)以(yi)控制打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)方向(xiang),使桩(zhuang)(zhuang)按(an)照(zhao)设计(ji)方位准确(que)地(di)贯入(ru)(ru)地(di)层(ceng)(ceng)(ceng)。打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)基本(ben)技术(shu)参(can)数是冲(chong)击(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)部分(fen)重量、冲(chong)击(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)能(neng)(neng)和(he)冲(chong)击(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)频率(lv)。桩(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)按(an)运动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)力来(lai)源可(ke)分(fen)为(wei)落锤(chui)(chui)、汽锤(chui)(chui)。桩(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)(jia)前面(mian)有(you)两(liang)根(gen)导(dao)杆(gan)组成的(de)(de)(de)(de)导(dao)向(xiang)架(jia)(jia),以(yi)及工(gong)厂的(de)(de)(de)(de)扩建(jian)工(gong)程(cheng),使桩(zhuang)(zhuang)按(an)照(zhao)设计(ji)方位准确(que)地(di)贯入(ru)(ru)地(di)层(ceng)(ceng)(ceng)、无(wu)振动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)、冲(chong)击(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)能(neng)(neng)和(he)冲(chong)击(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)频率(lv),无(wu)污染(ran)、城市中心或建(jian)筑物密集(ji)处(chu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)基础工(gong)程(cheng),用(yong)(yong)以(yi)起吊桩(zhuang)(zhuang)和(he)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui),桩(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)(jia)前面(mian)有(you)两(liang)根(gen)导(dao)杆(gan)组成的(de)(de)(de)(de)导(dao)向(xiang)架(jia)(jia),用(yong)(yong)以(yi)控制打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)方向(xiang),对周围环境的(de)(de)(de)(de)干扰小。

    长(zhang)时(shi)间使用(yong)电热(re)(re)塞(sai)(sai),火(huo)(huo)焰预热(re)(re)器。护栏(lan)打桩机是(shi)一种公路护栏(lan)钢(gang)管桩打压设备,该机采(cai)用(yong)柴(chai)油(you)动力,全液压机械传动,具有行驶(shi)轻便、打桩精度(du)高、经久(jiu)耐用(yong)、节能(neng)环保(bao)等特点,特别适用(yong)于公路护栏(lan)安装、维(wei)修和抢修的野外工程施(shi)工。电热(re)(re)塞(sai)(sai)和火(huo)(huo)焰预热(re)(re)器的发(fa)热(re)(re)体都为电热(re)(re)丝(si)(类别:铁铬(ge)(ge)铝合(he)金(jin)丝(si)、镍铬(ge)(ge)合(he)金(jin)丝(si)),其耗电量(liang)和发(fa)热(re)(re)量(liang)都很大(da),长(zhang)时(shi)间使用(yong)可(ke)因(yin)急剧放(fang)电而损坏蓄电池(chi),同时(shi)也可(ke)烧坏电热(re)(re)丝(si),所以电热(re)(re)塞(sai)(sai)不(bu)能(neng)每次长(zhang)时(shi)间使用(yong)。

    打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)过程分为(wei)(wei)三个阶段:1、重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤自(zi)由下 落。先(xian)用卷扬(yang)设备(bei)将重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤提起,使(shi)其(qi)具有足(zu)够 的(de)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)力势(shi)能(neng),重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤释放后作自(zi)由落体运动(dong)(dong)(dong),其(qi)全(quan)(quan) 部(bu)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)力势(shi)能(neng)转变为(wei)(wei)动(dong)(dong)(dong)能(neng)。2、重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤与桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)的(de)完全(quan)(quan)非弹性碰(peng)(peng)撞(zhuang)。由于重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤与桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang) 之(zhi)间相互作用的(de)冲(chong)力极大,桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)所受到(dao)地面的(de)阻(zu)(zu) 力可忽略,碰(peng)(peng)撞(zhuang)时重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤与桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)的(de)总(zong)动(dong)(dong)(dong)量(liang)(liang)保持守恒。根(gen)据动(dong)(dong)(dong)量(liang)(liang)守恒定(ding)律,有mv=(m+M)V,其(qi)中 m与v为(wei)(wei)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤的(de)质量(liang)(liang)和其(qi)碰(peng)(peng)撞(zhuang)前的(de)速度(du),M为(wei)(wei)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)的(de)质量(liang)(liang),V为(wei)(wei)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤和桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)在碰(peng)(peng)撞(zhuang)后的(de)共(gong)同(tong)(tong)速度(du)。3、重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤与桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)共(gong)同(tong)(tong)运动(dong)(dong)(dong)。它(ta)们(men)共(gong)同(tong)(tong)的(de)质量(liang)(liang)为(wei)(wei) m+M,初速度(du)为(wei)(wei)V,所遇到(dao)的(de)土壤(rang)阻(zu)(zu)力比(bi)其(qi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong) 力大很多,重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)力可忽略。利用碰(peng)(peng)撞(zhuang)后重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)锤与桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang) 的(de)剩余动(dong)(dong)(dong)能(neng),使(shi)它(ta)们(men)克服土壤(rang)的(de)阻(zu)(zu)力作功(gong)而进入土层。

    如何让(rang)小(xiao)(xiao)型(xing)(xing)打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)更省(sheng)油(you)(you)(you):省(sheng)到(dao)就(jiu)是(shi)赚到(dao),在(zai)不(bu)(bu)影响施工(gong)(gong)效(xiao)率(lv)的(de)前提下(xia)(xia)让(rang)小(xiao)(xiao)型(xing)(xing)打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)更省(sheng)油(you)(you)(you),不(bu)(bu)但节省(sheng)成本,正确的(de)操作(zuo)(zuo)也(ye)能(neng)(neng)让(rang)打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)发挥更大的(de)作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong)(yong),下(xia)(xia)面给大家介(jie)绍下(xia)(xia)几个省(sheng)油(you)(you)(you)的(de)小(xiao)(xiao)技巧(qiao)。1、在(zai)小(xiao)(xiao)型(xing)(xing)打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)使(shi)(shi)用(yong)(yong)(yong)过程(cheng)中(zhong),加(jia)压(ya)(ya)幅度(du)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)均匀,不(bu)(bu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)过猛加(jia)压(ya)(ya),不(bu)(bu)仅能(neng)(neng)降(jiang)低(di)油(you)(you)(you)耗(hao),还(hai)能(neng)(neng)对相关部件进(jin)行保护,也(ye)提高(gao)了工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)效(xiao)率(lv)。2、根据施工(gong)(gong)条件的(de)不(bu)(bu)同,选择合适(shi)的(de)钻头(tou),在(zai)打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)上(shang)提和(he)下(xia)(xia)放过程(cheng)中(zhong)能(neng)(neng)有(you)(you)效(xiao)降(jiang)低(di)油(you)(you)(you)耗(hao)。3、在(zai)小(xiao)(xiao)型(xing)(xing)打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)钻头(tou)提升前,适(shi)当将(jiang)钻头(tou)反转(zhuan),能(neng)(neng)减小(xiao)(xiao)阻力,也(ye)变相起到(dao)降(jiang)低(di)有(you)(you)效(xiao)的(de)作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong)(yong)。4、后一点是(shi)用(yong)(yong)(yong)好(hao)油(you)(you)(you),不(bu)(bu)但使(shi)(shi)打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)性能(neng)(neng)得到(dao)好(hao)的(de)发挥还(hai)能(neng)(neng)降(jiang)低(di)油(you)(you)(you)耗(hao),液(ye)压(ya)(ya)油(you)(you)(you)粘度(du)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)适(shi)中(zhong),油(you)(you)(you)液(ye)粘温指(zhi)数不(bu)(bu)低(di)于90,好(hao)的(de)液(ye)压(ya)(ya)油(you)(you)(you)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)有(you)(you)良好(hao)的(de)抗(kang)氧化(hua)和(he)水解安定性。用(yong)(yong)(yong)过以上(shang)四(si)点,主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)大家认真领(ling)悟(wu)结(jie)合实(shi)际(ji)操作(zuo)(zuo),相信至少能(neng)(neng)省(sheng)油(you)(you)(you)20%左右,省(sheng)下(xia)(xia)来的(de)油(you)(you)(you)就(jiu)是(shi)钱,就(jiu)是(shi)成本,也(ye)能(neng)(neng)延长小(xiao)(xiao)型(xing)(xing)打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)的(de)使(shi)(shi)用(yong)(yong)(yong)时间(jian),何乐而不(bu)(bu)为呢。

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